The eye is protected in a bony socket called the "orbit". Problems involving this socket can be seen externally as visible deformities.
One such problem is the fracture of the orbit. Orbital fractures typically occur from traumas such as a punch in the eye, a sports injury (tennis balls, baseballs, etc.), or other facial traumas. The patient may have symptoms of chronic double vision, an uneven appearance of the eyes, or droopy eyelids. Corrective surgery to repair the broken socket can help resolve these types problems.
Another major problem involving the socket arises when a person loses an eye from injury or surgery. Despite the traumatic and upsetting circumstance, a significant cosmetic improvement can be made with an artificial eye. With a proper socket reconstruction, a patient can wear a prosthetic eye that looks and moves naturally.